What is The Fastest and Most Efficient Blockchain?

Explained Blockchain
Ergo Platform

February 12, 2024


In the fast-paced world of blockchain technology, efficiency and speed are a must. As businesses and individuals increasingly rely on blockchain for various applications, from financial transactions to supply chain management, the need for faster and more efficient blockchain platforms has never been greater.

In this blog post, we will delve into the importance of efficiency and speed in blockchain, explore the key factors influencing these aspects, and identify the fastest and most efficient blockchain platforms available today.

Understanding Blockchain Efficiency and Speed

Blockchain, the decentralized ledger technology that underpins cryptocurrencies and various other applications, operates on a peer-to-peer network. Transactions are verified and added to the blockchain through a consensus mechanism, which can vary between different blockchain platforms.

The efficiency and speed of a blockchain are crucial factors that determine its usability and scalability. Efficiency in blockchain refers to how well the network utilizes its resources to process transactions, validate blocks, and maintain the overall integrity of the ledger.

Speed, on the other hand, is measured by the time it takes for a transaction to be confirmed and added to the blockchain. Both efficiency and speed are interlinked and play a crucial role in the user experience and the broader adoption of blockchain technology.

Key Factors Affecting Blockchain Efficiency and Speed

Consensus Mechanism

The consensus mechanism employed by a blockchain platform is a fundamental factor influencing its efficiency and speed. Traditional blockchains, like Bitcoin, use Proof of Work (PoW), which involves solving complex mathematical puzzles to validate transactions. While PoW is secure, it can be relatively slow and energy-intensive.

On the other hand, newer consensus mechanisms like Proof of Stake (PoS) and Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) prioritize efficiency by allowing validators to be chosen based on the number of coins they hold or are willing to "stake." These mechanisms reduce the computational resources required, leading to faster transaction processing and increased energy efficiency.

The debate between Proof of Work and Proof of Stake is one that has been ongoing ever since the early days, as both mechanisms serve different purposes and employ different technologies.


Scalability refers to a blockchain's ability to handle an increasing number of transactions without compromising its efficiency. Some blockchains face scalability challenges as they grow, resulting in slower transaction speeds and higher fees. Solutions like sharding, layer 2 scaling solutions, and improved consensus algorithms are implemented to enhance scalability and maintain optimal performance.

Network Architecture

The architecture of a blockchain network, whether it's a public or private blockchain, also impacts efficiency and speed. Public blockchains, like Ethereum, involve multiple participants globally, which can lead to slower transaction speeds due to the decentralized nature of the network. In contrast, private or permissioned blockchains may offer faster transaction speeds as they involve a predefined set of participants with known identities.

The Fastest & Most Efficient Blockchain

In the quest for the fastest and most efficient blockchain, several platforms stand out, each with its unique features and strengths.

One notable contender is Solana, a high-performance blockchain known for its impressive transaction speeds and low fees. Solana utilizes a unique consensus mechanism called Proof of History (PoH) in combination with Proof of Stake (PoS), allowing it to achieve a throughput of over 65,000 transactions per second (TPS). This makes Solana one of the fastest blockchains globally, making it an attractive option for decentralized applications (DApps) and financial institutions.

Next up, when talking about speed combined with efficiency, one cannot ignore Binance Smart Chain (BSC), a blockchain created by Binance. BSC employs a modified version of the Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism and achieves high throughput, enabling fast and cost-effective transactions. Binance Smart Chain has gained popularity for its compatibility with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), making it easy for developers to port their Ethereum-based DApps to the BSC platform.

Lastly, a noteworthy mention goes to Ergo Platform, which also stands out for its advanced features, smart contract capabilities, and heightened security in DApps and financial protocols. It achieves this through innovative technologies such as Autolykos Proof-of-Work, which promotes decentralization and fairness in mining operations by requiring significant memory usage, and Sigma protocols, which enhance transaction privacy and security.

Ergo's technology stack includes ErgoScript, a secure scripting language for crafting sophisticated smart contracts, and an Extended Unspent Transaction Output (eUTXO) model for scalability without compromising security. While not emphasizing sheer speed, Ergo compensates with its robust security measures and efficient transaction processing, making it suitable for various applications in the decentralized ecosystem, from DeFi to privacy-focused solutions and digital asset issuance.

With Ergo’s eUTXO model, multiple outputs can be combined into one transaction. As a result, Ergo’s TPS is not directly comparable with either BSC or Solana, since neither of these blockchains process transactions in this manner. The Accounts model of Solana and Ethereum handle transactions in sequence, but Ergo’s unique design allows for parallel processing. Essentially, thousands of outputs containing differing tokens can be performed in one transaction on Ergo.

Additionally, recent developer updates offer new levels of processing speed for the Ergo network. Sub blocks were recently introduced to the protocol, and they are basically block candidates with a much lower difficulty threshold than regular blocks. In simple terms, sub blocks can be mined much faster than normal blocks. The Ergo docs state directly that “if a subblock has 1/128th of a regular block's difficulty, we could expect one subblock to be generated per second on average.”


In conclusion, efficiency and speed are pivotal elements in the world of blockchain technology. As the demand for faster and more energy-efficient blockchain solutions continues to grow, developers and innovators are exploring new consensus mechanisms and scalability solutions to address these challenges. The emergence of platforms like Solana and Binance Smart Chain showcases the industry's commitment to providing high-performance blockchain solutions.

On the flipside, platforms such as Ergo continue to innovate and redefine how blockchain technology operates, perhaps even making a case as to why TPS is not the perfect measuring tool when it comes to blockchain speed & efficiency. All the while, Ergo is pushing to remain decentralized and true to the core values shared across the board within the web3 industry as a whole.

The quest for the fastest blockchain is an ongoing journey, and advancements in technology will likely lead to even more efficient and speedy blockchain platforms in the future. As projects and users increasingly prioritize efficiency and speed, blockchain technology will evolve to meet these demands, unlocking new possibilities and applications across various industries.

Interested in learning more about Ergo and our community? Join the other 10,000 Discord members by clicking the button below.

Join us on Discord

Share post